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Diseases & Topics

Zika Virus

At A Glance - Zika Virus Case Counts
(as of July 26, 2017)


North Carolina
Travel-associated Zika virus disease cases reported in 2017: 6
Locally acquired Zika virus disease cases reported in 2017: 0

Travel-associated Zika virus disease cases reported in 2016: 102
Locally acquired Zika virus disease cases reported in 2016: 0

Visit the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention web site for more information on
Zika Virus Disease Case Counts in the United States

May 19, 2017: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) released two publications with new data concerning Zika Virus and pregnant women. This new data highlights the need for women who are pregnant or thinking of becoming pregnant to be aware of Zika virus travel recommendations.

The North Carolina Division of Public Health is advising women who are pregnant not travel to areas with risk of Zika. Women who are trying to get pregnant and their partners should avoid nonessential travel to areas with a CDC Zika travel notice.

On March 3rd the CDC released a report comparing data from birth defects surveillance programs both before and after the introduction of Zika virus into the Western Hemisphere. Their analysis showed that after introduction of Zika virus, the proportion of infants and fetuses with birth defects born to mothers with laboratory evidence of possible Zika, was approximately 20 times higher than the prevalence of potentially Zika-related birth defects among pregnancies during the pre-Zika years.

On April 7th the CDC released a report detailing Zika Virus–Associated Birth Defects. Their analysis revealed that in 2016, a total of 1,297 pregnancies with possible recent Zika virus infection were reported to the U.S. Zika Pregnancy Registry from 44 states. Approximately one in 10 pregnancies with laboratory-confirmed Zika virus infection resulted in a fetus or infant with Zika virus–associated birth defects.

 

Get more information on Zika virus infection and pregnancy

Zika Virus General Information

Zika virus disease (Zika) is a disease caused by Zika virus that is spread to people primarily through the bite of an infected Aedes species mosquito. The most common symptoms of Zika are fever, rash, joint pain, and conjunctivitis (red eyes). The illness is usually mild with symptoms lasting for several days to a week after being bitten by an infected mosquito. People usually don’t get sick enough to go to the hospital, and they very rarely die of Zika. For this reason, many people might not realize they have been infected. Once a person has been infected, he or she is likely to be protected from future infections.

Health Care Provider Recommendations

2017 Zika Virus Provider Memo - June 6, 2017 (PDF, 423 KB)

Health care providers should ask all pregnant women about recent travel. Pregnant women who develop symptoms consistent with Zika virus infection within two weeks of travel to an area with ongoing transmission should be evaluated by a health care provider and recommended for testing.

Ultrasound evaluation to identify fetal microcephaly or intracranial calcifications is recommended for asymptomatic pregnant women reporting travel during the current pregnancy to an area with ongoing transmission.

For Additional Information

North Carolina Vector borne Disease Management - March 28, 2016 (PDF, 223KB)

CDC Guidelines External link on Screening Patients for Zika Virus